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Current Issue of Nature


Volume 558 Issue 7710, 21 June 2018

Volume 558 Issue 7710, 21 June 2018

Volume 558 Issue 7710

In deep water

The growth of tropical coral reefs is essential for maintaining reef structure and habitat diversity, and for protecting many shorelines from wave exposure and flooding risks. But, as Chris Perry and his colleagues reveal in this week’s issue, these important functions are under threat as reef health declines and sea levels rise. Declining growth means that reef structures are being diminished, and as water levels rise, the depth of water above the reefs increases. This means that the reef needs to grow vertically to offset the change. In their analysis of reef growth rates in the tropical western Atlantic and Indian Ocean, the researchers found that although the reefs are just about keeping pace at present, changes in reef ecology mean that few reefs in either region will be able to keep up under the moderate or severe sea-level-rise scenarios projected for climate change. As a result, the team suggests that low-lying coastlines and small island nations may lose a key contributor to their coastal protection.

Cover image: Tom Bridge/www.tethys-images.com

This Week

News in Focus

Comment

Careers

Futures

Research

    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Adult stem cells reside in niches that maintain, regulate and protect them. Fresh light has now been shed on how the need for protection has driven changes in the locations of these niches during evolution.

    • Isabel Beerman
  • News & Views |

    The location of nearly half of the ordinary matter in the Universe is unknown. X-ray observations suggest that this elusive ‘baryonic’ matter is hidden in the filamentary structure of the cosmic web.

    • Taotao Fang
  • News & Views |

    Activating immune cells to destroy tumours is an effective strategy for treating an advanced lung cancer — but only for some people. Evidence that this approach has potential in early disease and as a combination therapy has now emerged.

    • Lizza Hendriks
    •  & Benjamin Besse
  • News & Views |

    An assessment of the capacity of coral reefs to grow fast enough to keep up with projected rises in sea level finds that most reefs will fall behind if nothing is done to restore them.

    • Ilsa B. Kuffner
  • Articles

  • Article |

    Morphological studies and phylogenetic analyses based on the newly discovered Early Cretaceous eutherian mammal Ambolestes zhoui show that the oldest purported metatherian Sinodelphys is instead a eutherian.

    • Shundong Bi
    • , Xiaoting Zheng
    • , Xiaoli Wang
    • , Natalie E. Cignetti
    • , Shiling Yang
    •  & John R. Wible
  • Article |

    Analyses of current coral reef growth rates in the tropical western Atlantic and Indian Ocean show that few reefs will have the capacity to track sea-level rise projections under Representative Concentration Pathway scenarios without sustained ecological recovery.

    • Chris T. Perry
    • , Lorenzo Alvarez-Filip
    • , Nicholas A. J. Graham
    • , Peter J. Mumby
    • , Shaun K. Wilson
    • , Paul S. Kench
    • , Derek P. Manzello
    • , Kyle M. Morgan
    • , Aimee B. A. Slangen
    • , Damian P. Thomson
    • , Fraser Januchowski-Hartley
    • , Scott G. Smithers
    • , Robert S. Steneck
    • , Renee Carlton
    • , Evan N. Edinger
    • , Ian C. Enochs
    • , Nuria Estrada-Saldívar
    • , Michael D. E. Haywood
    • , Graham Kolodziej
    • , Gary N. Murphy
    • , Esmeralda Pérez-Cervantes
    • , Adam Suchley
    • , Lauren Valentino
    • , Robert Boenish
    • , Margaret Wilson
    •  & Chancey Macdonald
  • Article |

    Cryo-electron microscopy is used to resolve the structure of human dynamin-related protein 1 co-assembled with its receptor mitochondrial dynamics protein of 49 kDa, along with an analysis of structure- and disease-based mutations.

    • Raghav Kalia
    • , Ray Yu-Ruei Wang
    • , Ali Yusuf
    • , Paul V. Thomas
    • , David A. Agard
    • , Janet M. Shaw
    •  & Adam Frost
  • Letters

  • Letter |

    Observations of two absorbers of highly ionized oxygen in the X-ray spectrum of a quasar account for the missing baryons in the Universe.

    • F. Nicastro
    • , J. Kaastra
    • , Y. Krongold
    • , S. Borgani
    • , E. Branchini
    • , R. Cen
    • , M. Dadina
    • , C. W. Danforth
    • , M. Elvis
    • , F. Fiore
    • , A. Gupta
    • , S. Mathur
    • , D. Mayya
    • , F. Paerels
    • , L. Piro
    • , D. Rosa-Gonzalez
    • , J. Schaye
    • , J. M. Shull
    • , J. Torres-Zafra
    • , N. Wijers
    •  & L. Zappacosta
  • Letter |

    Coupling graphene sheets with a silicon nitride ring microresonator allows the nonlinear cavity dynamics to be altered by a gate voltage, resulting in tunable, chip-scale, optical frequency combs.

    • Baicheng Yao
    • , Shu-Wei Huang
    • , Yuan Liu
    • , Abhinav Kumar Vinod
    • , Chanyeol Choi
    • , Michael Hoff
    • , Yongnan Li
    • , Mingbin Yu
    • , Ziying Feng
    • , Dim-Lee Kwong
    • , Yu Huang
    • , Yunjiang Rao
    • , Xiangfeng Duan
    •  & Chee Wei Wong
  • Letter |

    Highly insulating silicon-based molecules, engineered so that conduction is fully suppressed by σ quantum interference even for molecules less than a nanometre long, could prove useful in molecular-scale electronic circuitry.

    • Marc H. Garner
    • , Haixing Li
    • , Yan Chen
    • , Timothy A. Su
    • , Zhichun Shangguan
    • , Daniel W. Paley
    • , Taifeng Liu
    • , Fay Ng
    • , Hexing Li
    • , Shengxiong Xiao
    • , Colin Nuckolls
    • , Latha Venkataraman
    •  & Gemma C. Solomon
  • Letter |

    Specular scattering of atoms of helium gas flowing through atomically flat, two-dimensional channels results in frictionless gas flow, which is much faster than expected assuming purely diffusive scattering.

    • A. Keerthi
    • , A. K. Geim
    • , A. Janardanan
    • , A. P. Rooney
    • , A. Esfandiar
    • , S. Hu
    • , S. A. Dar
    • , I. V. Grigorieva
    • , S. J. Haigh
    • , F. C. Wang
    •  & B. Radha
  • Letter |

    The electrointercalation of lithium into van der Waals heterostructures of graphene, hexagonal boron nitride and molybdenum dichalcogenides is studied at the level of individual atomic interfaces.

    • D. Kwabena Bediako
    • , Mehdi Rezaee
    • , Hyobin Yoo
    • , Daniel T. Larson
    • , S. Y. Frank Zhao
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Tina L. Brower-Thomas
    • , Efthimios Kaxiras
    •  & Philip Kim
  • Letter |

    Radiocarbon dating of sediment cores and ice-penetrating radar observations are used to demonstrate that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet has not retreated progressively during the Holocene epoch, but has instead showed periods of retreat and re-advance.

    • J. Kingslake
    • , R. P. Scherer
    • , T. Albrecht
    • , J. Coenen
    • , R. D. Powell
    • , R. Reese
    • , N. D. Stansell
    • , S. Tulaczyk
    • , M. G. Wearing
    •  & P. L. Whitehouse
  • Letter |

    A subset of synaptic proteins are cumulatively phosphorylated during wakefulness and dephosphorylated during sleep, in accordance with sleep need; this may represent a common mechanism underlying regulation of both synaptic homeostasis and sleep–wake homeostasis.

    • Zhiqiang Wang
    • , Jing Ma
    • , Chika Miyoshi
    • , Yuxin Li
    • , Makito Sato
    • , Yukino Ogawa
    • , Tingting Lou
    • , Chengyuan Ma
    • , Xue Gao
    • , Chiyu Lee
    • , Tomoyuki Fujiyama
    • , Xiaojie Yang
    • , Shuang Zhou
    • , Noriko Hotta-Hirashima
    • , Daniela Klewe-Nebenius
    • , Aya Ikkyu
    • , Miyo Kakizaki
    • , Satomi Kanno
    • , Liqin Cao
    • , Satoru Takahashi
    • , Junmin Peng
    • , Yonghao Yu
    • , Hiromasa Funato
    • , Masashi Yanagisawa
    •  & Qinghua Liu
  • Letter |

    Metagenomic and soil microcosm analyses identify abundant biosynthetic gene clusters in genomes of microorganisms from a northern Californian grassland ecosystem that provide a potential source for the future development of bacterial natural products.

    • Alexander Crits-Christoph
    • , Spencer Diamond
    • , Cristina N. Butterfield
    • , Brian C. Thomas
    •  & Jillian F. Banfield
  • Letter |

    Melanocytes above the haematopoietic niche protect haematopoietic stem cells from ultraviolet-light-induced DNA damage in aquatic vertebrates throughout evolution; this niche moved to the bone marrow during the transition to terrestrial life.

    • Friedrich G. Kapp
    • , Julie R. Perlin
    • , Elliott J. Hagedorn
    • , John M. Gansner
    • , Daniel E. Schwarz
    • , Lauren A. O’Connell
    • , Nicholas S. Johnson
    • , Chris Amemiya
    • , David E. Fisher
    • , Ute Wölfle
    • , Eirini Trompouki
    • , Charlotte M. Niemeyer
    • , Wolfgang Driever
    •  & Leonard I. Zon
  • Letter |

    A module of co-inhibitory T cell receptors, driven by the cytokine IL-27, is identified in mice that is regulated by the transcription factors PRDM1 and c-MAF.

    • Norio Chihara
    • , Asaf Madi
    • , Takaaki Kondo
    • , Huiyuan Zhang
    • , Nandini Acharya
    • , Meromit Singer
    • , Jackson Nyman
    • , Nemanja D. Marjanovic
    • , Monika S. Kowalczyk
    • , Chao Wang
    • , Sema Kurtulus
    • , Travis Law
    • , Yasaman Etminan
    • , James Nevin
    • , Christopher D. Buckley
    • , Patrick R. Burkett
    • , Jason D. Buenrostro
    • , Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen
    • , Ana C. Anderson
    • , Aviv Regev
    •  & Vijay K. Kuchroo
  • Letter |

    A mechanism for the unfolding of guanine-rich DNA ‘quadruplexes’ by helicases is suggested, based on the structure of a DNA-bound helicase.

    • Michael C. Chen
    • , Ramreddy Tippana
    • , Natalia A. Demeshkina
    • , Pierre Murat
    • , Shankar Balasubramanian
    • , Sua Myong
    •  & Adrian R. Ferré-D’Amaré
  • Letter |

    Cryo-electron microscopy studies of distinct, catalytically active and inactive filaments of human acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 reveal the structural basis of its regulation.

    • Moritz Hunkeler
    • , Anna Hagmann
    • , Edward Stuttfeld
    • , Mohamed Chami
    • , Yakir Guri
    • , Henning Stahlberg
    •  & Timm Maier

Amendments & Corrections