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Current Issue of Nature


Volume 559 Issue 7713, 12 July 2018

Volume 559 Issue 7713, 12 July 2018

Volume 559 Issue 7713

Booby trap

The cover shows a red-footed booby (Sula sula), one of several species of seabird that make their home on the islands in the Central Indian Ocean’s Chagos Archipelago. In this week’s issue, Nicholas Graham and his colleagues show that droppings from these seabirds are not only cycled back into island fauna and flora but that they also feed into the adjacent coral reef ecosystem, fuelling reef fish production and function. The team also reveals that on islands that have been infested by rats, the number of seabirds — and thus the amount of nutrients deposited — is markedly reduced. They suggest that eradicating rats on oceanic islands could redress the balance, ultimately helping to enhance coral reef resilience.

Cover image: Jon Slayer

This Week

News in Focus

Comment

Careers

Futures

  • Futures |

    The price of success.

    • Grace Tang

Research

    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Climate anomalies punctuated the last ice age, characterized by the discharge of icebergs that released fresh water into the North Atlantic Ocean. It now emerges that fresh water also sometimes flooded the North Pacific.

    • Kaustubh Thirumalai
  • News & Views |

    Exotic particles called Majorana fermions have potential applications in quantum computing, but their existence has yet to be definitively confirmed. Two groups have now glimpsed these particles.

    • Kirill Shtengel
  • News & Views |

    The introduction of non-native rats can devastate island ecosystems. It now emerges that these rats also harm a complex web of interactions linking seabirds with the algae and fishes of nearby coral reefs.

    • Nancy Knowlton
  • Perspectives

  • Perspective |

    China has addressed widespread rural poverty and environmental degradation head-on via unprecedented investment in sixteen large-scale sustainability programmes.

    • Brett A. Bryan
    • , Lei Gao
    • , Yanqiong Ye
    • , Xiufeng Sun
    • , Jeffery D. Connor
    • , Neville D. Crossman
    • , Mark Stafford-Smith
    • , Jianguo Wu
    • , Chunyang He
    • , Deyong Yu
    • , Zhifeng Liu
    • , Ang Li
    • , Qingxu Huang
    • , Hai Ren
    • , Xiangzheng Deng
    • , Hua Zheng
    • , Jianming Niu
    • , Guodong Han
    •  & Xiangyang Hou
  • Articles

  • Article |

    Measurements of the thermal Hall conductance in the first excited Landau level of the quantum Hall effect show the existence of a state with non-Abelian excitations.

    • Mitali Banerjee
    • , Moty Heiblum
    • , Vladimir Umansky
    • , Dima E. Feldman
    • , Yuval Oreg
    •  & Ady Stern
  • Article |

    The cryo-EM structure of the yeast origin recognition complex (ORC) bound to a 72-base-pair origin DNA sequence provides insights into the basis of the origin selection mechanism.

    • Ningning Li
    • , Wai Hei Lam
    • , Yuanliang Zhai
    • , Jiaxuan Cheng
    • , Erchao Cheng
    • , Yongqian Zhao
    • , Ning Gao
    •  & Bik-Kwoon Tye
  • Letters

  • Letter |

    ‘Oumuamua—the first known interstellar object to have entered the Solar System—is probably a comet, albeit with unusual dust and chemical properties owing to its origin in a distant solar system.

    • Marco Micheli
    • , Davide Farnocchia
    • , Karen J. Meech
    • , Marc W. Buie
    • , Olivier R. Hainaut
    • , Dina Prialnik
    • , Norbert Schörghofer
    • , Harold A. Weaver
    • , Paul W. Chodas
    • , Jan T. Kleyna
    • , Robert Weryk
    • , Richard J. Wainscoat
    • , Harald Ebeling
    • , Jacqueline V. Keane
    • , Kenneth C. Chambers
    • , Detlef Koschny
    •  & Anastassios E. Petropoulos
  • Letter |

    Half-integer quantization of the thermal Hall effect in a Kitaev spin liquid reveals chiral currents of charge-neutral Majorana fermions around the edges of the sample, produced by strong electronic correlations.

    • Y. Kasahara
    • , T. Ohnishi
    • , Y. Mizukami
    • , O. Tanaka
    • , Sixiao Ma
    • , K. Sugii
    • , N. Kurita
    • , H. Tanaka
    • , J. Nasu
    • , Y. Motome
    • , T. Shibauchi
    •  & Y. Matsuda
  • Letter |

    The rapid water transport through graphene oxide membranes can be switched off by introducing localized electric fields within the membranes that ionize surrounding water molecules and thus block transport.

    • K.-G. Zhou
    • , K. S. Vasu
    • , C. T. Cherian
    • , M. Neek-Amal
    • , J. C. Zhang
    • , H. Ghorbanfekr-Kalashami
    • , K. Huang
    • , O. P. Marshall
    • , V. G. Kravets
    • , J. Abraham
    • , Y. Su
    • , A. N. Grigorenko
    • , A. Pratt
    • , A. K. Geim
    • , F. M. Peeters
    • , K. S. Novoselov
    •  & R. R. Nair
  • Letter |

    Sediment-core and modelling analyses suggest that, during distinct cold periods known as Heinrich Stadials, changes in ocean circulation in the North Atlantic triggered discharge of freshwater from the Cordilleran Ice Sheet into the North Pacific.

    • E. Maier
    • , X. Zhang
    • , A. Abelmann
    • , R. Gersonde
    • , S. Mulitza
    • , M. Werner
    • , M. Méheust
    • , J. Ren
    • , B. Chapligin
    • , H. Meyer
    • , R. Stein
    • , R. Tiedemann
    •  & G. Lohmann
  • Letter |

    Cooperation is more likely to evolve in a public-goods-distribution game when payoffs can change between rounds so that the stakes increase when players cooperate and decrease when players defect.

    • Christian Hilbe
    • , Štěpán Šimsa
    • , Krishnendu Chatterjee
    •  & Martin A. Nowak
  • Letter |

    Productivity of coral reefs is enhanced near islands with no invasive rats, as populations of seabirds, which transfer nitrogen from deeper areas of ocean to the nearshore waters via their guano, are much larger than on rat-infested islands.

    • Nicholas A. J. Graham
    • , Shaun K. Wilson
    • , Peter Carr
    • , Andrew S. Hoey
    • , Simon Jennings
    •  & M. Aaron MacNeil
  • Letter |

    A 10 μg m−3 increase in the concentration of ambient respirable particulate matter is associated with a 9% rise in infant mortality in Africa and this increase is not affected by household wealth.

    • Sam Heft-Neal
    • , Jennifer Burney
    • , Eran Bendavid
    •  & Marshall Burke
  • Letter |

    Screening pairwise combinations of antibiotics and other drugs against three bacterial pathogens reveals that antagonistic and synergistic drug–drug interactions are specific to microbial species and strains.

    • Ana Rita Brochado
    • , Anja Telzerow
    • , Jacob Bobonis
    • , Manuel Banzhaf
    • , André Mateus
    • , Joel Selkrig
    • , Emily Huth
    • , Stefan Bassler
    • , Jordi Zamarreño Beas
    • , Matylda Zietek
    • , Natalie Ng
    • , Sunniva Foerster
    • , Benjamin Ezraty
    • , Béatrice Py
    • , Frédéric Barras
    • , Mikhail M. Savitski
    • , Peer Bork
    • , Stephan Göttig
    •  & Athanasios Typas
  • Letter |

    Activation of P2RX7 receptors by extracellular ATP is required for the generation, maintenance and function of central and tissue-resident CD8+ memory T cells.

    • Henrique Borges da Silva
    • , Lalit K. Beura
    • , Haiguang Wang
    • , Eric A. Hanse
    • , Reshma Gore
    • , Milcah C. Scott
    • , Daniel A. Walsh
    • , Katharine E. Block
    • , Raissa Fonseca
    • , Yan Yan
    • , Keli L. Hippen
    • , Bruce R. Blazar
    • , David Masopust
    • , Ameeta Kelekar
    • , Lucy Vulchanova
    • , Kristin A. Hogquist
    •  & Stephen C. Jameson
  • Letter |

    The discovery and characterization of small-molecule antagonists that inhibit the stimulator of interferon genes (STING) protein may help to develop therapies for the treatment of autoinflammatory disease.

    • Simone M. Haag
    • , Muhammet F. Gulen
    • , Luc Reymond
    • , Antoine Gibelin
    • , Laurence Abrami
    • , Alexiane Decout
    • , Michael Heymann
    • , F. Gisou van der Goot
    • , Gerardo Turcatti
    • , Rayk Behrendt
    •  & Andrea Ablasser
  • Letter |

    Mutations in all three genes encoding ribonuclease H2 sensitize cells to poly(ADP–ribose) polymerase inhibitors by compromising ribonucleotide excision repair.

    • Michal Zimmermann
    • , Olga Murina
    • , Martin A. M. Reijns
    • , Angelo Agathanggelou
    • , Rachel Challis
    • , Žygimantė Tarnauskaitė
    • , Morwenna Muir
    • , Adeline Fluteau
    • , Michael Aregger
    • , Andrea McEwan
    • , Wei Yuan
    • , Matthew Clarke
    • , Maryou B. Lambros
    • , Shankara Paneesha
    • , Paul Moss
    • , Megha Chandrashekhar
    • , Stephane Angers
    • , Jason Moffat
    • , Valerie G. Brunton
    • , Traver Hart
    • , Johann de Bono
    • , Tatjana Stankovic
    • , Andrew P. Jackson
    •  & Daniel Durocher

Amendments & Corrections