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Current Issue of Nature


Volume 565 Issue 7741, 31 January 2019

Volume 565 Issue 7741, 31 January 2019

Beyond the periodic table

A ubiquitous sight in chemistry labs and classrooms around the world, the periodic table of elements celebrates its 150th birthday this year. When Dmitri Mendeleev published his first draft of the table in 1869, only 63 elements were known to science. Now there are 118. This week’s issue examines the past, present and future of the iconic chart — from the history of atomic ideas that pre-dated Mendeleev, to the difficulties researchers face in extending the table any further. The true organizational principle behind this arrangement of the elements is probed, as is its impact beyond the confines of science. Whatever the future may hold for the drive to create new superheavy elements, there is little doubt that efforts to explore the properties of elements will continue — a quest that owes a huge debt to Mendeleev and may ultimately take us beyond the periodic table.

Cover image: Señor Salme

This Week

News in Focus

Comment

Careers

Futures

Research

    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    When Mendeleev proposed his periodic table in 1869, element 43 was unknown. In 1937, it became the first element to be discovered by synthesis in a laboratory — paving the way to the atomic age.

    • Kit Chapman

    Collection:

  • News & Views |

    Denisova Cave sheltered hominins at least 200,000 years ago, and excavations there have illuminated our understanding of early hominins in Asia. New dating analyses now refine this knowledge.

    • Robin Dennell
  • News & Views |

    Microorganisms in the human gut can affect immune-system cells. Gut bacterial strains have been discovered that boost immune cells that have cell-killing capacity and that can target cancer and protect against infection.

    • Nathan E. Reticker-Flynn
    •  & Edgar G. Engleman
  • News & Views |

    Fungal infection can affect crop yield. A plant protein found to counter fungal-induced interference with host metabolism illuminates antifungal defences and mechanisms that inhibit metabolic enzymes.

    • Mary C. Wildermuth
  • News & Views |

    Intron sequences are removed from newly synthesized RNA and usually rapidly degraded. However, it now seems that introns have a surprising role — helping yeast cells survive when nutrients are scarce.

    • Samantha R. Edwards
    •  & Tracy L. Johnson
  • Articles

  • Article |

    A statistical approach to designing and predicting the fusion yield of cryogenic deuterium–tritium implosions leads to tripled yield in direct-drive laser fusion of deuterium–tritium layered targets.

    • V. Gopalaswamy
    • , R. Betti
    • , J. P. Knauer
    • , N. Luciani
    • , D. Patel
    • , K. M. Woo
    • , A. Bose
    • , I. V. Igumenshchev
    • , E. M. Campbell
    • , K. S. Anderson
    • , K. A. Bauer
    • , M. J. Bonino
    • , D. Cao
    • , A. R. Christopherson
    • , G. W. Collins
    • , T. J. B. Collins
    • , J. R. Davies
    • , J. A. Delettrez
    • , D. H. Edgell
    • , R. Epstein
    • , C. J. Forrest
    • , D. H. Froula
    • , V. Y. Glebov
    • , V. N. Goncharov
    • , D. R. Harding
    • , S. X. Hu
    • , D. W. Jacobs-Perkins
    • , R. T. Janezic
    • , J. H. Kelly
    • , O. M. Mannion
    • , A. Maximov
    • , F. J. Marshall
    • , D. T. Michel
    • , S. Miller
    • , S. F. B. Morse
    • , J. Palastro
    • , J. Peebles
    • , P. B. Radha
    • , S. P. Regan
    • , S. Sampat
    • , T. C. Sangster
    • , A. B. Sefkow
    • , W. Seka
    • , R. C. Shah
    • , W. T. Shmyada
    • , A. Shvydky
    • , C. Stoeckl
    • , A. A. Solodov
    • , W. Theobald
    • , J. D. Zuegel
    • , M. Gatu Johnson
    • , R. D. Petrasso
    • , C. K. Li
    •  & J. A. Frenje
  • Article |

    Adding reactive gases such as isoprene to mixtures lowers the production of secondary organic aerosol in the atmosphere, thus reducing the atmospheric particulate burden, with implications for human health and climate.

    • Gordon McFiggans
    • , Thomas F. Mentel
    • , Jürgen Wildt
    • , Iida Pullinen
    • , Sungah Kang
    • , Einhard Kleist
    • , Sebastian Schmitt
    • , Monika Springer
    • , Ralf Tillmann
    • , Cheng Wu
    • , Defeng Zhao
    • , Mattias Hallquist
    • , Cameron Faxon
    • , Michael Le Breton
    • , Åsa M. Hallquist
    • , David Simpson
    • , Robert Bergström
    • , Michael E. Jenkin
    • , Mikael Ehn
    • , Joel A. Thornton
    • , M. Rami Alfarra
    • , Thomas J. Bannan
    • , Carl J. Percival
    • , Michael Priestley
    • , David Topping
    •  & Astrid Kiendler-Scharr
  • Article |

    Optical dating of sediments from Denisova Cave establishes a chronology for its Pleistocene deposits and the associated artefacts, hominin remains and environmental records, which date to between about 300,000 and 20,000 years ago.

    • Zenobia Jacobs
    • , Bo Li
    • , Michael V. Shunkov
    • , Maxim B. Kozlikin
    • , Nataliya S. Bolikhovskaya
    • , Alexander K. Agadjanian
    • , Vladimir A. Uliyanov
    • , Sergei K. Vasiliev
    • , Kieran O’Gorman
    • , Anatoly P. Derevianko
    •  & Richard G. Roberts
  • Article |

    A consortium of 11 bacterial strains from the healthy human gut microbiota can strongly induce interferon-γ-producing CD8 T cells in the intestine, and enhance both resistance to bacterial infection and the therapeutic efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors.

    • Takeshi Tanoue
    • , Satoru Morita
    • , Damian R. Plichta
    • , Ashwin N. Skelly
    • , Wataru Suda
    • , Yuki Sugiura
    • , Seiko Narushima
    • , Hera Vlamakis
    • , Iori Motoo
    • , Kayoko Sugita
    • , Atsushi Shiota
    • , Kozue Takeshita
    • , Keiko Yasuma-Mitobe
    • , Dieter Riethmacher
    • , Tsuneyasu Kaisho
    • , Jason M. Norman
    • , Daniel Mucida
    • , Makoto Suematsu
    • , Tomonori Yaguchi
    • , Vanni Bucci
    • , Takashi Inoue
    • , Yutaka Kawakami
    • , Bernat Olle
    • , Bruce Roberts
    • , Masahira Hattori
    • , Ramnik J. Xavier
    • , Koji Atarashi
    •  & Kenya Honda
  • Article |

    A set of 34 excised introns in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, characterized by having a short distance between the lariat branch point and the 3′ splice site, have a biological function within the TOR growth-signalling network.

    • Jeffrey T. Morgan
    • , Gerald R. Fink
    •  & David P. Bartel
  • Article |

    Transcriptomic and genetic analyses of a deletion set of all known introns in genes of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae indicate that introns promote resistance to starvation.

    • Julie Parenteau
    • , Laurine Maignon
    • , Mélodie Berthoumieux
    • , Mathieu Catala
    • , Vanessa Gagnon
    •  & Sherif Abou Elela
  • Letters

  • Letter |

    Wind from the most massive star in the Trapezium cluster in Orion has carved out a large and expanding cavity around the cluster, bounded by a thin, 2,600-solar-mass shell.

    • C. Pabst
    • , R. Higgins
    • , J. R. Goicoechea
    • , D. Teyssier
    • , O. Berne
    • , E. Chambers
    • , M. Wolfire
    • , S. T. Suri
    • , R. Guesten
    • , J. Stutzki
    • , U. U. Graf
    • , C. Risacher
    •  & A. G. G. M. Tielens
  • Letter |

    A three-dimensional photonic topological insulator is presented, made of split-ring resonators with strong magneto-electric coupling, which has an extremely wide topological bandgap, forbidding light propagation.

    • Yihao Yang
    • , Zhen Gao
    • , Haoran Xue
    • , Li Zhang
    • , Mengjia He
    • , Zhaoju Yang
    • , Ranjan Singh
    • , Yidong Chong
    • , Baile Zhang
    •  & Hongsheng Chen
  • Letter |

    A magnetic contribution to the spin Hall effect is observed in the non-collinear antiferromagnet Mn3Sn, which is attributed to momentum-dependent spin splitting produced by non-collinear magnetic order.

    • Motoi Kimata
    • , Hua Chen
    • , Kouta Kondou
    • , Satoshi Sugimoto
    • , Prasanta K. Muduli
    • , Muhammad Ikhlas
    • , Yasutomo Omori
    • , Takahiro Tomita
    • , Allan. H. MacDonald
    • , Satoru Nakatsuji
    •  & Yoshichika Otani
  • Letter |

    Atomically dispersed iron hydroxide deposited on silica-supported platinum nanoparticles enables complete and selective carbon monoxide removal through preferential oxidation in hydrogen in the temperature range from 198 to 380 kelvin.

    • Lina Cao
    • , Wei Liu
    • , Qiquan Luo
    • , Ruoting Yin
    • , Bing Wang
    • , Jonas Weissenrieder
    • , Markus Soldemo
    • , Huan Yan
    • , Yue Lin
    • , Zhihu Sun
    • , Chao Ma
    • , Wenhua Zhang
    • , Si Chen
    • , Hengwei Wang
    • , Qiaoqiao Guan
    • , Tao Yao
    • , Shiqiang Wei
    • , Jinlong Yang
    •  & Junling Lu
  • Letter |

    Bayesian modelling of chronometric, stratigraphic and genetic data from Denisova Cave provides a chronological framework for understanding Neanderthal and Denisovan presence at the site, as well as interactions between these groups.

    • Katerina Douka
    • , Viviane Slon
    • , Zenobia Jacobs
    • , Christopher Bronk Ramsey
    • , Michael V. Shunkov
    • , Anatoly P. Derevianko
    • , Fabrizio Mafessoni
    • , Maxim B. Kozlikin
    • , Bo Li
    • , Rainer Grün
    • , Daniel Comeskey
    • , Thibaut Devièse
    • , Samantha Brown
    • , Bence Viola
    • , Leslie Kinsley
    • , Michael Buckley
    • , Matthias Meyer
    • , Richard G. Roberts
    • , Svante Pääbo
    • , Janet Kelso
    •  & Tom Higham
  • Letter |

    Distinct but partially overlapping subsets of neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex of mice respond to feeding and/or social stimuli and, when optogenetically stimulated at single-cell resolution, specifically regulate reward-seeking behaviours.

    • Joshua H. Jennings
    • , Christina K. Kim
    • , James H. Marshel
    • , Misha Raffiee
    • , Li Ye
    • , Sean Quirin
    • , Sally Pak
    • , Charu Ramakrishnan
    •  & Karl Deisseroth
  • Letter |

    A kiwellin protein in maize is found to inhibit the activity of the secreted enzyme chorismate mutase from a maize-infecting pathogenic fungus, suggesting a role for kiwellins in plant immunity.

    • Xiaowei Han
    • , Florian Altegoer
    • , Wieland Steinchen
    • , Lynn Binnebesel
    • , Jan Schuhmacher
    • , Timo Glatter
    • , Pietro I. Giammarinaro
    • , Armin Djamei
    • , Stefan A. Rensing
    • , Stefanie Reissmann
    • , Regine Kahmann
    •  & Gert Bange
  • Letter |

    Identification and sequencing of circulating tumour DNA in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with glioma.

    • Alexandra M. Miller
    • , Ronak H. Shah
    • , Elena I. Pentsova
    • , Maryam Pourmaleki
    • , Samuel Briggs
    • , Natalie Distefano
    • , Youyun Zheng
    • , Anna Skakodub
    • , Smrutiben A. Mehta
    • , Carl Campos
    • , Wan-Ying Hsieh
    • , S. Duygu Selcuklu
    • , Lilan Ling
    • , Fanli Meng
    • , Xiaohong Jing
    • , Aliaksandra Samoila
    • , Tejus A. Bale
    • , Dana W. Y. Tsui
    • , Christian Grommes
    • , Agnes Viale
    • , Mark M. Souweidane
    • , Viviane Tabar
    • , Cameron W. Brennan
    • , Anne S. Reiner
    • , Marc Rosenblum
    • , Katherine S. Panageas
    • , Lisa M. DeAngelis
    • , Robert J. Young
    • , Michael F. Berger
    •  & Ingo K. Mellinghoff

Amendments & Corrections

  • Author Correction |

    • Belén Fadrique
    • , Selene Báez
    • , Álvaro Duque
    • , Agustina Malizia
    • , Cecilia Blundo
    • , Julieta Carilla
    • , Oriana Osinaga-Acosta
    • , Lucio Malizia
    • , Miles Silman
    • , William Farfán-Ríos
    • , Yadvinder Malhi
    • , Kenneth R. Young
    • , Cuesta C. Francisco
    • , Jurgen Homeier
    • , Manuel Peralvo
    • , Esteban Pinto
    • , Oswaldo Jadan
    • , Nikolay Aguirre
    • , Zhofre Aguirre
    •  & Kenneth J. Feeley
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