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Current Issue of Nature


Current Issue : Nature

Current Issue

Volume 541 Number 7635 pp6-128

5 January 2017

About the cover

The Milky Way and a Karl G. Jansky VLA dish antenna in Socorro, New Mexico. Shami Chatterjee et al. report the subarcsecond localization of the Arecibo-discovered fast radio burst FRB 121102, the only known repeating burst source, using high-time-resolution radio interferometric observations that directly image the bursts. FRBs are radio flashes of unknown physical nature with durations of milliseconds. Previous observations have lacked the resolution to uniquely identify a host or multi-wavelength counterpart. The localization of FRB 121102 reveals a persistent radio and optical source that is coincident with the bursts to within 100 milliarcseconds. The enigmatic persistent source could be a neutron star within its nebula in a distant host galaxy, a low-luminosity active galactic nucleus, or a previously unknown type of extragalactic source. Cover: Michael Spain / 500PX/National Geographic Creative.

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  • A direct localization of a fast radio burst and its host

    • S. Chatterjee
    • C. J. Law
    • R. S. Wharton
    • S. Burke-Spolaor
    • J. W. T. Hessels
    • G. C. Bower
    • J. M. Cordes
    • S. P. Tendulkar
    • C. G. Bassa
    • P. Demorest
    • B. J. Butler
    • A. Seymour
    • P. Scholz
    • M. W. Abruzzo
    • S. Bogdanov
    • V. M. Kaspi
    • A. Keimpema
    • T. J. W. Lazio
    • B. Marcote
    • M. A. McLaughlin
    • Z. Paragi
    • S. M. Ransom
    • M. Rupen
    • L. G. Spitler
    • H. J. van Langevelde

    Subarcsecond localization of the repeating fast radio burst FRB 121102 shows that its source is co-located with a faint galaxy with a low-luminosity active galactic nucleus, or a previously unknown type of extragalactic source.

    See also
  • Correlated fluorescence blinking in two-dimensional semiconductor heterostructures

    • Weigao Xu
    • Weiwei Liu
    • Jan F. Schmidt
    • Weijie Zhao
    • Xin Lu
    • Timo Raab
    • Carole Diederichs
    • Weibo Gao
    • Denis V. Seletskiy
    • Qihua Xiong

    A correlated blinking phenomenon is discovered in two-dimensional bilayer semiconductor heterostructures, whereby a bright emission state occurs in one monolayer while a dark state occurs in the other, and vice versa.

  • Catalyst support effects on hydrogen spillover

    • Waiz Karim
    • Clelia Spreafico
    • Armin Kleibert
    • Jens Gobrecht
    • Joost VandeVondele
    • Yasin Ekinci
    • Jeroen A. van Bokhoven

    The mechanism of hydrogen spillover is described using a precisely nanofabricated model system, explaining why it is slower on an aluminum oxide catalyst support than on a titanium oxide catalyst support.

    See also
  • Sub-ice-shelf sediments record history of twentieth-century retreat of Pine Island Glacier

    • J. A. Smith
    • T. J. Andersen
    • M. Shortt
    • A. M. Gaffney
    • M. Truffer
    • T. P. Stanton
    • R. Bindschadler
    • P. Dutrieux
    • A. Jenkins
    • C.-D. Hillenbrand
    • W. Ehrmann
    • H. F. J. Corr
    • N. Farley
    • S. Crowhurst
    • D. G. Vaughan

    Many glaciers and ice shelves in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet are retreating or thinning rapidly, but the triggering mechanism has been unclear; now, the retreat of Pine Island Glacier is found to have begun in the 1940s following warming El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean, showing that glacial retreat can continue long after an initial push from the climate.

  • Epigenome-wide association study of body mass index, and the adverse outcomes of adiposity

    • Simone Wahl
    • Alexander Drong
    • Benjamin Lehne
    • Marie Loh
    • William R. Scott
    • Sonja Kunze
    • Pei-Chien Tsai
    • Janina S. Ried
    • Weihua Zhang
    • Youwen Yang
    • Sili Tan
    • Giovanni Fiorito
    • Lude Franke
    • Simonetta Guarrera
    • Silva Kasela
    • Jennifer Kriebel
    • Rebecca C. Richmond
    • Marco Adamo
    • Uzma Afzal
    • Mika Ala-Korpela
    • Benedetta Albetti
    • Ole Ammerpohl
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    • Christine Blancher
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    • Mohamed Elkalaawy
    • Krista Fischer
    • Oscar H. Franco
    • Tom R. Gaunt
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    • Aaron Isaacs
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    • Sujeet Jha
    • Norihiro Kato
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    • Michael Laffan
    • Christa Meisinger
    • Thomas Meitinger
    • Zuan Yu Mok
    • Valeria Motta
    • Hong Kiat Ng
    • Zacharoula Nikolakopoulou
    • Georgios Nteliopoulos
    • Salvatore Panico
    • Natalia Pervjakova
    • Holger Prokisch
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    • Michael Roden
    • Federica Rota
    • Michelle Ann Rozario
    • Johanna K. Sandling
    • Clemens Schafmayer
    • Katharina Schramm
    • Reiner Siebert
    • P. Eline Slagboom
    • Pasi Soininen
    • Lisette Stolk
    • Konstantin Strauch
    • E-Shyong Tai
    • Letizia Tarantini
    • Barbara Thorand
    • Ettje F. Tigchelaar
    • Rosario Tumino
    • Andre G. Uitterlinden
    • Cornelia van Duijn
    • Joyce B. J. van Meurs
    • Paolo Vineis
    • Ananda Rajitha Wickremasinghe
    • Cisca Wijmenga
    • Tsun-Po Yang
    • Wei Yuan
    • Alexandra Zhernakova
    • Rachel L. Batterham
    • George Davey Smith
    • Panos Deloukas
    • Bastiaan T. Heijmans
    • Christian Herder
    • Albert Hofman
    • Cecilia M. Lindgren
    • Lili Milani
    • Pim van der Harst
    • Annette Peters
    • Thomas Illig
    • Caroline L. Relton
    • Melanie Waldenberger
    • Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
    • Valentina Bollati
    • Richie Soong
    • Tim D. Spector
    • James Scott
    • Mark I. McCarthy
    • Paul Elliott
    • Jordana T. Bell
    • Giuseppe Matullo
    • Christian Gieger
    • Jaspal S. Kooner
    • Harald Grallert
    • John C. Chambers

    A large-scale epigenome-wide association study identifies changes in DNA methylation associated with body mass index in blood and adipose tissue, and correlates DNA methylation sites with high risk of incident type 2 diabetes.

  • XRCC1 mutation is associated with PARP1 hyperactivation and cerebellar ataxia

    • Nicolas C. Hoch
    • Hana Hanzlikova
    • Stuart L. Rulten
    • Martine Tétreault
    • Emilia Komulainen
    • Limei Ju
    • Peter Hornyak
    • Zhihong Zeng
    • William Gittens
    • Stephanie A. Rey
    • Kevin Staras
    • Grazia M. S. Mancini
    • Peter J. McKinnon
    • Zhao-Qi Wang
    • Justin D. Wagner
    • Care4Rare Canada Consortium
    • Grace Yoon
    • Keith W. Caldecott

    Biallelic mutations in human XRCC1 are associated with ocular motor apraxia, axonal neuropathy, and progressive cerebellar ataxia.

    See also
  • Splicing factor 1 modulates dietary restriction and TORC1 pathway longevity in C. elegans

    • Caroline Heintz
    • Thomas K. Doktor
    • Anne Lanjuin
    • Caroline C. Escoubas
    • Yue Zhang
    • Heather J. Weir
    • Sneha Dutta
    • Carlos Giovanni Silva-García
    • Gitte H. Bruun
    • Ianessa Morantte
    • Gerta Hoxhaj
    • Brendan D. Manning
    • Brage S. Andresen
    • William B. Mair

    Precursor mRNA splicing homeostasis is a biomarker and predictor of life expectancy in Caenorhabditis elegans and defects in global pre-mRNA splicing associated with age are reduced by dietary restriction via splicing factor 1.

  • Structural basis of an essential interaction between influenza polymerase and Pol II CTD

    • Maria Lukarska
    • Guillaume Fournier
    • Alexander Pflug
    • Patricia Resa-Infante
    • Stefan Reich
    • Nadia Naffakh
    • Stephen Cusack

    The crystal structure of bat influenza A polymerase bound to a serine-5 phosphorylated peptide mimic from the C-terminal domain of cellular RNA polymerase II shows how the two polymerases are directly coupled and suggests that the interaction site could be targeted for antiviral drug development.

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