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Current Issue of Nature


Volume 576 Issue 7786, 12 December 2019

Volume 576 Issue 7786, 12 December 2019

Staring at the Sun

The cover shows an artist’s impression of NASA’s Parker Solar Probe in front of the Sun. The probe is on a seven-year mission to investigate the Sun’s corona and solar wind. In this week’s issue, the Parker Solar Probe team presents the first results from the mission in four papers, revealing fresh insight into the origins and dynamics of the young solar wind and the physics of high-energy particles. Stuart Bale and his colleagues find that there are rapid, large-scale reversals in the direction of the Sun’s magnetic field on a variety of timescales. Justin Kasper and his co-workers suggest that localized increases in the radial plasma velocity directed away from Sun’s centre are often associated with these reversals, and also find evidence that the plasma partially co-rotates with the Sun to distances farther from Sun’s centre than predicted. David McComas and his colleagues analyse the energetic ions and electrons from explosive phenomena measured near the Sun, providing insights into particle energization and acceleration near stellar bodies. Russell Howard and his co-workers report on the intensity of dust-scattered light, including some preliminary evidence that a hypothesized dust-free zone near the Sun may actually exist.

Cover image: NASA/Johns Hopkins APL/Ben Smith/Miloslav Druckmüller

This Week

News in Focus

Books & Arts

Opinion

    Obituary

  • Obituary |

    Biochemist whose discoveries led to faster, more-accurate DNA testing.

    • Jesús Avila
    • , Federico Mayor
    •  & Lourdes Ruiz-Desviat
  • Comment

  • Comment |

    Leading scholars and publishers from ten countries have agreed a definition of predatory publishing that can protect scholarship. It took 12 hours of discussion, 18 questions and 3 rounds to reach.

    • Agnes Grudniewicz
    • , David Moher
    • , Kelly D. Cobey
    • , Gregory L. Bryson
    • , Samantha Cukier
    • , Kristiann Allen
    • , Clare Ardern
    • , Lesley Balcom
    • , Tiago Barros
    • , Monica Berger
    • , Jairo Buitrago Ciro
    • , Lucia Cugusi
    • , Michael R. Donaldson
    • , Matthias Egger
    • , Ian D. Graham
    • , Matt Hodgkinson
    • , Karim M. Khan
    • , Mahlubi Mabizela
    • , Andrea Manca
    • , Katrin Milzow
    • , Johann Mouton
    • , Marvelous Muchenje
    • , Tom Olijhoek
    • , Alexander Ommaya
    • , Bhushan Patwardhan
    • , Deborah Poff
    • , Laurie Proulx
    • , Marc Rodger
    • , Anna Severin
    • , Michaela Strinzel
    • , Mauro Sylos-Labini
    • , Robyn Tamblyn
    • , Marthie van Niekerk
    • , Jelte M. Wicherts
    •  & Manoj M. Lalu
  • Correspondence

Work

Research

    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    The finding that a thin sheet of fibrous tissue under the skin contains a prefabricated, movable cellular sealant that can heal deep wounds might have implications for the treatment of scars and ulcers.

    • Mark C. Coles
    •  & Christopher D. Buckley
  • News & Views |

    Experiments show that quantum fluctuations can allow heat to be transported between two objects separated by a vacuum gap. This effect could be harnessed to exploit and control heat transfer in nanoscale devices.

    • Karthik Sasihithlu
  • News & Views |

    Drug resistance in malaria parasites is mediated by mutations in a transporter protein. The transporter’s structure reveals the molecular basis of how key mutations bring about resistance to different drugs.

    • Leann Tilley
    •  & Philip J. Rosenthal
  • News & Views |

    NASA’s Parker Solar Probe is currently making a series of close encounters with the Sun. Initial observations from the spacecraft have improved our understanding of both the Sun and its environment.

    • Daniel Verscharen
  • News & Views |

    Graphene coated with nanoparticles has been used to make wearable light sensors that measure the human pulse and blood oxygen levels from ambient light passing through tissue, offering a potential platform for health-care monitoring.

    • Deji Akinwande
    •  & Dmitry Kireev
  • Articles

  • Article |

    The Parker Solar Probe mission has reached the inner heliosphere of the Sun and made measurements of energetic particle events in the near-Sun radiation environment.

    • D. J. McComas
    • , E. R. Christian
    • , C. M. S. Cohen
    • , A. C. Cummings
    • , A. J. Davis
    • , M. I. Desai
    • , J. Giacalone
    • , M. E. Hill
    • , C. J. Joyce
    • , S. M. Krimigis
    • , A. W. Labrador
    • , R. A. Leske
    • , O. Malandraki
    • , W. H. Matthaeus
    • , R. L. McNutt Jr
    • , R. A. Mewaldt
    • , D. G. Mitchell
    • , A. Posner
    • , J. S. Rankin
    • , E. C. Roelof
    • , N. A. Schwadron
    • , E. C. Stone
    • , J. R. Szalay
    • , M. E. Wiedenbeck
    • , S. D. Bale
    • , J. C. Kasper
    • , A. W. Case
    • , K. E. Korreck
    • , R. J. MacDowall
    • , M. Pulupa
    • , M. L. Stevens
    •  & A. P. Rouillard
  • Article |

    Data collected by the Parker Solar Probe in the solar corona are used to determine the organization of Alfvén waves, revealing an increasing flow velocity peaking at 35–50 km s−1.

    • J. C. Kasper
    • , S. D. Bale
    • , J. W. Belcher
    • , M. Berthomier
    • , A. W. Case
    • , B. D. G. Chandran
    • , D. W. Curtis
    • , D. Gallagher
    • , S. P. Gary
    • , L. Golub
    • , J. S. Halekas
    • , G. C. Ho
    • , T. S. Horbury
    • , Q. Hu
    • , J. Huang
    • , K. G. Klein
    • , K. E. Korreck
    • , D. E. Larson
    • , R. Livi
    • , B. Maruca
    • , B. Lavraud
    • , P. Louarn
    • , M. Maksimovic
    • , M. Martinovic
    • , D. McGinnis
    • , N. V. Pogorelov
    • , J. D. Richardson
    • , R. M. Skoug
    • , J. T. Steinberg
    • , M. L. Stevens
    • , A. Szabo
    • , M. Velli
    • , P. L. Whittlesey
    • , K. H. Wright
    • , G. P. Zank
    • , R. J. MacDowall
    • , D. J. McComas
    • , R. L. McNutt Jr
    • , M. Pulupa
    • , N. E. Raouafi
    •  & N. A. Schwadron
  • Article |

    Observations of the solar corona by the Parker Solar Probe reveal evidence for the predicted dust-free zone and confirm that streamers comprise smaller substreamers that channel continuous multiscale density fluctuations.

    • R. A. Howard
    • , A. Vourlidas
    • , V. Bothmer
    • , R. C. Colaninno
    • , C. E. DeForest
    • , B. Gallagher
    • , J. R. Hall
    • , P. Hess
    • , A. K. Higginson
    • , C. M. Korendyke
    • , A. Kouloumvakos
    • , P. L. Lamy
    • , P. C. Liewer
    • , J. Linker
    • , M. Linton
    • , P. Penteado
    • , S. P. Plunkett
    • , N. Poirier
    • , N. E. Raouafi
    • , N. Rich
    • , P. Rochus
    • , A. P. Rouillard
    • , D. G. Socker
    • , G. Stenborg
    • , A. F. Thernisien
    •  & N. M. Viall
  • Article |

    Measurements from the Parker Solar Probe show that slow solar wind near the Sun’s equator originates in coronal holes.

    • S. D. Bale
    • , S. T. Badman
    • , J. W. Bonnell
    • , T. A. Bowen
    • , D. Burgess
    • , A. W. Case
    • , C. A. Cattell
    • , B. D. G. Chandran
    • , C. C. Chaston
    • , C. H. K. Chen
    • , J. F. Drake
    • , T. Dudok de Wit
    • , J. P. Eastwood
    • , R. E. Ergun
    • , W. M. Farrell
    • , C. Fong
    • , K. Goetz
    • , M. Goldstein
    • , K. A. Goodrich
    • , P. R. Harvey
    • , T. S. Horbury
    • , G. G. Howes
    • , J. C. Kasper
    • , P. J. Kellogg
    • , J. A. Klimchuk
    • , K. E. Korreck
    • , V. V. Krasnoselskikh
    • , S. Krucker
    • , R. Laker
    • , D. E. Larson
    • , R. J. MacDowall
    • , M. Maksimovic
    • , D. M. Malaspina
    • , J. Martinez-Oliveros
    • , D. J. McComas
    • , N. Meyer-Vernet
    • , M. Moncuquet
    • , F. S. Mozer
    • , T. D. Phan
    • , M. Pulupa
    • , N. E. Raouafi
    • , C. Salem
    • , D. Stansby
    • , M. Stevens
    • , A. Szabo
    • , M. Velli
    • , T. Woolley
    •  & J. R. Wygant
  • Article |

    Conventionally, heat transfer occurs by conduction, convection or radiation, but has also been theoretically predicted to occur through quantum fluctuations across a vacuum; this prediction has now been confirmed experimentally.

    • King Yan Fong
    • , Hao-Kun Li
    • , Rongkuo Zhao
    • , Sui Yang
    • , Yuan Wang
    •  & Xiang Zhang
  • Article |

    Data mining of a computational library of metal–organic frameworks identifies motifs that bind CO2 sufficiently strongly and whose uptake is not affected by water, with application for the capture of CO2 from flue gases.

    • Peter G. Boyd
    • , Arunraj Chidambaram
    • , Enrique García-Díez
    • , Christopher P. Ireland
    • , Thomas D. Daff
    • , Richard Bounds
    • , Andrzej Gładysiak
    • , Pascal Schouwink
    • , Seyed Mohamad Moosavi
    • , M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer
    • , Jeffrey A. Reimer
    • , Jorge A. R. Navarro
    • , Tom K. Woo
    • , Susana Garcia
    • , Kyriakos C. Stylianou
    •  & Berend Smit
  • Article |

    Satellite-derived analysis of daily vertical migrations of ocean animals shows that the relative abundance and total biomass of these animals differ between different regions globally, depending on the availability of food and necessity to avoid predators.

    • Michael J. Behrenfeld
    • , Peter Gaube
    • , Alice Della Penna
    • , Robert T. O’Malley
    • , William J. Burt
    • , Yongxiang Hu
    • , Paula S. Bontempi
    • , Deborah K. Steinberg
    • , Emmanuel S. Boss
    • , David A. Siegel
    • , Chris A. Hostetler
    • , Philippe D. Tortell
    •  & Scott C. Doney
  • Article |

    The enamel proteome from a 1.9-million-year-old Gigantopithecus tooth shows that the Gigantopithecus and Pongo (orangutan) lineages diverged 12–10 million years ago.

    • Frido Welker
    • , Jazmín Ramos-Madrigal
    • , Martin Kuhlwilm
    • , Wei Liao
    • , Petra Gutenbrunner
    • , Marc de Manuel
    • , Diana Samodova
    • , Meaghan Mackie
    • , Morten E. Allentoft
    • , Anne-Marie Bacon
    • , Matthew J. Collins
    • , Jürgen Cox
    • , Carles Lalueza-Fox
    • , Jesper V. Olsen
    • , Fabrice Demeter
    • , Wei Wang
    • , Tomas Marques-Bonet
    •  & Enrico Cappellini
  • Article |

    Analyses of primary and relapse samples of embryonal tumours with multilayered rosettes provide insights into the molecular mechanisms that underlie the development and opportunities for the treatment of this deadly disease.

    • Sander Lambo
    • , Susanne N. Gröbner
    • , Tobias Rausch
    • , Sebastian M. Waszak
    • , Christin Schmidt
    • , Aparna Gorthi
    • , July Carolina Romero
    • , Monika Mauermann
    • , Sebastian Brabetz
    • , Sonja Krausert
    • , Ivo Buchhalter
    • , Jan Koster
    • , Danny A. Zwijnenburg
    • , Martin Sill
    • , Jens-Martin Hübner
    • , Norman Mack
    • , Benjamin Schwalm
    • , Marina Ryzhova
    • , Volker Hovestadt
    • , Simon Papillon-Cavanagh
    • , Jennifer A. Chan
    • , Pablo Landgraf
    • , Ben Ho
    • , Till Milde
    • , Olaf Witt
    • , Jonas Ecker
    • , Felix Sahm
    • , David Sumerauer
    • , David W. Ellison
    • , Brent A. Orr
    • , Anna Darabi
    • , Christine Haberler
    • , Dominique Figarella-Branger
    • , Pieter Wesseling
    • , Jens Schittenhelm
    • , Marc Remke
    • , Michael D. Taylor
    • , Maria J. Gil-da-Costa
    • , Maria Łastowska
    • , Wiesława Grajkowska
    • , Martin Hasselblatt
    • , Peter Hauser
    • , Torsten Pietsch
    • , Emmanuelle Uro-Coste
    • , Franck Bourdeaut
    • , Julien Masliah-Planchon
    • , Valérie Rigau
    • , Sanda Alexandrescu
    • , Stephan Wolf
    • , Xiao-Nan Li
    • , Ulrich Schüller
    • , Matija Snuderl
    • , Matthias A. Karajannis
    • , Felice Giangaspero
    • , Nada Jabado
    • , Andreas von Deimling
    • , David T. W. Jones
    • , Jan O. Korbel
    • , Katja von Hoff
    • , Peter Lichter
    • , Annie Huang
    • , Alexander J. R. Bishop
    • , Stefan M. Pfister
    • , Andrey Korshunov
    •  & Marcel Kool
  • Article |

    MLLT3 is identified as a crucial regulator of the self-renewal of human haematopoietic stem cells, and helps to maintain an active chromatin state in haematopoietic stem-cell regulatory genes during culture.

    • Vincenzo Calvanese
    • , Andrew T. Nguyen
    • , Timothy J. Bolan
    • , Anastasia Vavilina
    • , Trent Su
    • , Lydia K. Lee
    • , Yanling Wang
    • , Fides D. Lay
    • , Mattias Magnusson
    • , Gay M. Crooks
    • , Siavash K. Kurdistani
    •  & Hanna K. A. Mikkola
  • Article |

    Cells that populate scar tissue in mammalian skin migrate to wounds as prefabricated matrix from the subcutaneous fascia, including embedded blood vessels, macrophages and peripheral nerves.

    • Donovan Correa-Gallegos
    • , Dongsheng Jiang
    • , Simon Christ
    • , Pushkar Ramesh
    • , Haifeng Ye
    • , Juliane Wannemacher
    • , Shruthi Kalgudde Gopal
    • , Qing Yu
    • , Michaela Aichler
    • , Axel Walch
    • , Ursula Mirastschijski
    • , Thomas Volz
    •  & Yuval Rinkevich
  • Article |

    Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells engineered to overexpress the canonical AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun are resistant to T cell exhaustion, and provide enhanced therapeutic benefit in mouse tumour models.

    • Rachel C. Lynn
    • , Evan W. Weber
    • , Elena Sotillo
    • , David Gennert
    • , Peng Xu
    • , Zinaida Good
    • , Hima Anbunathan
    • , John Lattin
    • , Robert Jones
    • , Victor Tieu
    • , Surya Nagaraja
    • , Jeffrey Granja
    • , Charles F. A. de Bourcy
    • , Robbie Majzner
    • , Ansuman T. Satpathy
    • , Stephen R. Quake
    • , Michelle Monje
    • , Howard Y. Chang
    •  & Crystal L. Mackall
  • Article |

    A subpopulation of Caenorhabditis elegans, in which there is a naturally occurring transient increase in reactive oxygen species during early development, exhibits increased stress resistance, improved redox homeostasis and prolonged lifespan, which are linked to a global decrease in level of the histone mark H3K4me3.

    • Daphne Bazopoulou
    • , Daniela Knoefler
    • , Yongxin Zheng
    • , Kathrin Ulrich
    • , Bryndon J. Oleson
    • , Lihan Xie
    • , Minwook Kim
    • , Anke Kaufmann
    • , Young-Tae Lee
    • , Yali Dou
    • , Yong Chen
    • , Shu Quan
    •  & Ursula Jakob
  • Article |

    The chromatin regulator CTCF has key roles in the gradual development of hierarchical chromatin structure during human embryogenesis.

    • Xuepeng Chen
    • , Yuwen Ke
    • , Keliang Wu
    • , Han Zhao
    • , Yaoyu Sun
    • , Lei Gao
    • , Zhenbo Liu
    • , Jingye Zhang
    • , Wenrong Tao
    • , Zhenzhen Hou
    • , Hui Liu
    • , Jiang Liu
    •  & Zi-Jiang Chen
  • Article |

    Anoxygenic photosynthetic microorganisms can biomineralize manganese oxides without molecular oxygen being present and without high-potential photosynthetic reaction centres, which sheds doubt on proposed dates for the origins of oxygenic photosynthetic metabolism.

    • Mirna Daye
    • , Vanja Klepac-Ceraj
    • , Mihkel Pajusalu
    • , Sophie Rowland
    • , Anna Farrell-Sherman
    • , Nicolas Beukes
    • , Nobumichi Tamura
    • , Gregory Fournier
    •  & Tanja Bosak
  • Article |

    Structural, functional and in silico analyses of the chloroquine-resistance transporter PfCRT of Plasmodium falciparum suggest that distinct mechanistic features mediate the resistance to chloroquine and piperaquine in drug-resistant parasites.

    • Jonathan Kim
    • , Yong Zi Tan
    • , Kathryn J. Wicht
    • , Satchal K. Erramilli
    • , Satish K. Dhingra
    • , John Okombo
    • , Jeremie Vendome
    • , Laura M. Hagenah
    • , Sabrina I. Giacometti
    • , Audrey L. Warren
    • , Kamil Nosol
    • , Paul D. Roepe
    • , Clinton S. Potter
    • , Bridget Carragher
    • , Anthony A. Kossiakoff
    • , Matthias Quick
    • , David A. Fidock
    •  & Filippo Mancia
  • Article |

    A cryo-EM structure of a membrane-embedded core complex of the ESX-3/type VII secretion system from Mycobacterium smegmatis is reported, providing insights into the mechanisms by which virulence factors are secreted by these bacteria.

    • Nikolaos Famelis
    • , Angel Rivera-Calzada
    • , Gianluca Degliesposti
    • , Maria Wingender
    • , Nicole Mietrach
    • , J. Mark Skehel
    • , Rafael Fernandez-Leiro
    • , Bettina Böttcher
    • , Andreas Schlosser
    • , Oscar Llorca
    •  & Sebastian Geibel

Amendments & Corrections

  • Author Correction |

    • Anatol Luther
    • , Matthias Urfer
    • , Michael Zahn
    • , Maik Müller
    • , Shuang-Yan Wang
    • , Milon Mondal
    • , Alessandra Vitale
    • , Jean-Baptiste Hartmann
    • , Timothy Sharpe
    • , Fabio Lo Monte
    • , Harsha Kocherla
    • , Elizabeth Cline
    • , Gabriella Pessi
    • , Parthasarathi Rath
    • , Seyed Majed Modaresi
    • , Petra Chiquet
    • , Sarah Stiegeler
    • , Carolin Verbree
    • , Tobias Remus
    • , Michel Schmitt
    • , Caroline Kolopp
    • , Marie-Anne Westwood
    • , Nicolas Desjonquères
    • , Emile Brabet
    • , Sophie Hell
    • , Karen LePoupon
    • , Annie Vermeulen
    • , Régis Jaisson
    • , Virginie Rithié
    • , Grégory Upert
    • , Alexander Lederer
    • , Peter Zbinden
    • , Achim Wach
    • , Kerstin Moehle
    • , Katja Zerbe
    • , Hans H. Locher
    • , Francesca Bernardini
    • , Glenn E. Dale
    • , Leo Eberl
    • , Bernd Wollscheid
    • , Sebastian Hiller
    • , John A. Robinson
    •  & Daniel Obrecht

Nature Index

  • Nature Index |

    Materials science

    This supplement explores the effects of political instability and escalating trade tensions on US-China and UK-EU research collaborations, and highlights the most successful 'big science' players in high-energy physics, genomics and oncology.

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